As compared to other fastener types, threaded fasteners
excel in their ability to withstand tension stress which ensures that they are not pulled apart from their installation. With clamping force, such fasteners can also prevent the sliding of mated components. Lastly, threaded fasteners can often be joined and disassembled with ease, making them highly beneficial for numerous applications such as construction, industrial machinery, aircraft, and more.
are very common to numerous assemblies, and they feature a head and external male thread. To install bolts, the tail-end of the fastener is passed through the hole of a component, and a mating nut or other fastener is used as the female threading. Steel, aluminum, titanium, and stainless steel all serve as common materials for bolt fasteners, and the choice will often depend on the application’s requirements.
is a fastener that features a threaded hole, and they are almost entirely used for bolt assemblies. With friction, compression, and the slight stretching of the bolt, nuts can secure assemblies in place with high reliability. Nuts can come in a variety of forms to accommodate varying needs, and common types include the hex nut, wing nut, and dome nut. The hex nut is a general purpose type, and they feature six sides and internal screw threads. With the wing nut, wing-like surfaces protrude from each side of the component so that the fastener may be tightened manually. Lastly, dome nuts are named after their appearance as they have a domed top that can prevent contact with other threading or may be used to protect threaded rods or machine screws.
are often compared to bolts as both fasteners feature external threading on a shaft and a head for applying torque. Unlike a bolt, screw fasteners are often capable of boring their own hole in a component and do not require a mating nut for installation. Machine screws are a common type, and they have a flat point at their end. Typically, machine screws are commonly found in machines, vehicles, electronic devices, and tools.
In order to more optimally distribute loads for the benefit of bolts, screws, and nuts
, washers may be implemented. A washer
is a thin plate that is often circular, and they have a central hole that allows for fasteners to be passed through for the means of furthering load distribution. While flat washers are the most common type, one may also use a lock washer in the case that potential fastener loosening is a concern.